TEMPORARY U.S. VISAS
A foreign company who has a U.S. subsidiary, affiliate, branch or other qualifying relationship, may transfer an employee to the U.S. for purposes of working at its U.S. office. The L-1 visa only allows intra-company transfer of employees involved in executive, managerial or specialized knowledge roles.
The Treaty Investor E-2 Visa is a non-immigrant visa that is also based on bilateral treaty agreements the U.S. has entered into with other countries. The E-2 Visa is issued to the foreign national of the treaty country on the basis that he or she is entering the U.S. for the sole purpose of developing and managing a business enterprise.
The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) of 1993 created the TN professional visa for Canadian and Mexican nationals. The TN Visa allows qualifying Canadian and Mexican citizens to temporarily work in U.S. in a NAFTA-approved professional occupation under certain conditions.
An E-1 Treaty Trader is a foreign national who wishes to come to the U.S. to carry on substantial trade, principally between the U.S. and his or her own foreign country. The E-1 visa applicant must be a foreign national of a treaty trader designated country, as well as meet other specific criteria.
The O-1 visa is a temporary work visa available to foreign nationals who have “extraordinary ability in the sciences, arts, education, business or athletics” which “has been demonstrated by sustained national or international acclaim.” It is also available to those in motion pictures and television who can demonstrate a record of “extraordinary achievement.”
An F-1 visa is for students of an academic or language training program. The F-1 visa is valid for the duration of stay, which means when the study program is completed, or if studies are terminated, the F1 visa will cease to be valid. The F1 visa allows an F-2 visa for spouses or children of the F-1 principal visa holder.